Project PAWOS receives funding from the University of Siena

The research project PAWOS (Philosophy and/with/of Science) by Eugenio Petrovich, DR2 member, has been awarded the “MSCA Seal of Excellence @ UNISI” grant by the University of Siena. The project aims at investigating the contemporary relationship between philosophy and science by coupling quantitative methods from scientometrics with qualitative methods from Science and Technology Studies.

PAWOS abstract: “In the last decades, the interactions between philosophy and science have become more frequent and stronger. Philosophers do not only investigate the foundational and methodological aspects of science, but they frequently work together with scientists on topics that require both philosophical resources and empirical investigation. In the past, successful philosophy-science collaborations have fostered the emergence of new scientific disciplines. Today, the EU is investing a considerable amount of money in such interdisciplinary research programmes, knowing that the complex challenges that lie in the near future will require fruitful collaboration between the humanities and the sciences. From the meta-philosophical point of view, however, we still do not know what is the specific contribution that philosophy brings to the sciences, nor what are the meta-philosophical conditions that should be met for a successful collaboration between philosophers and scientists. The project PAWOS aims to answer these meta-philosophical questions by adopting an innovative naturalized methodological stance. PAWOS will resort to empirical methods drawn from bibliometrics and STS to investigate the contemporary science-philosophy nexus, integrating quantitative and qualitative evidence in the building of the meta-philosophical theory. Specifically, advanced bibliometric methods will be used to map the extension of the philosophy-science interactions in the scholarly literature, whereas interviews with key actors will be used to investigate the reasons why philosophers and scientists collaborate. Combining empirical evidence with meta-philosophical theorization, PAWOS will offer to the philosophical and scientific community for the first time a meta-philosophical theory comprising both a full-fledged taxonomy of the contributions of philosophy to science and a set of normative meta-philosophical conditions that foster the success of joint science-philosophy research programmes.”

The project will start in October 2021 at the Department of Economics and Statistics of the University of Siena, under the supervision of Prof. Alberto Baccini. You can follow Eugenio’s research on Twitter (@EugenioPetrovi1) and Academia.edu.

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Mind and British idealism – a distant reading perspective

by Nicolò Cambiaso and Stefano Romeo

 

When did British idealism end? When did it reach its peak and face its demise? It is rather difficult to answer such questions. Several dates might be put forth as representative of the end of British idealism, from 1903 to the 1940s.

In 1903 two important works by G.E. Moore and Bertrand Russell were published, “The Refutation of Idealism” and The Principles of Mathematics respectively. They partly set the stage for the birth of analytic philosophy, in direct opposition to British idealism. Analytic philosophy would eventually replace idealism in the British philosophical culture, hence it might seem reasonable to set the end of British idealism in the years of the rise of analytic philosophy in Britain. However, idealists remained active long after 1903, with some of the leading figures, such as Bernard Bosanquet and F.H. Bradley, being active until the early 1920s. So, why wouldn’t it be also admissible to set the downfall of British idealism in the 20s? And why not in the 40s? Indeed, one of the last spokesmen of the movement, even if not the most original one, A.E. Taylor, still published during those years. Each proposal follows from a perfectly admissible criterion.

In order to answer – at least partially – such questions, it is worth considering a quantitative approach. A quantitative analysis can provide a general overview of the growth and demise of such a movement. This overall picture will provide tools to evaluate different solutions, without any pretence to give straight and univocal answers – as one could be tempted to do in the context of a merely qualitative historiographical analysis. In the current research we decided to focus on one of the most influential philosophical journals of the time in Britain, Mind. We considered the issues of Mind published between 1876, when the journal was founded, and 1945, the year of the death of A.E. Taylor. Our purpose was to identify a group of idealists and see how their production varies through the years. We decided therefore to look at British idealism in terms of the people who worked within this philosophical tradition.

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Data visualization – Enhancing the Digital Humanities Course Registry

The Digital Humanities Course Registry (CLARIN-ERIC, DARIAH-EU) is a platform providing a worldwide overview of Digital Humanities teaching activities which can be sorted by a variety of features (e.g. institution, education degree and others).

Recently, the second round of the 2020 open data virtual Hackaton has been launched by the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH). The task was to inaugurate a new way of visualizing data and metadata about worldwide teaching activities around DH. Among the winning projects of this Hackaton, we signal the platform enhanced by Fracesca Giovannetti, Ivan Heibi and Bruno Sartini.

The final ACDH visualization webpage allows to have a complete and easily accessible overview of the different DH courses currently active (allow pop-ups for instructions). Besides, this visualization provides the user with details about the various techniques taught by the different DH courses, and the ongoing collaborations between Universities and relations among researchers working in each institution.

Data from Microsoft Academic and Crossref have been added to the DH course registry enriching it with metadata of published works across the listed institutions. Metadata have thus been managed in order to provide visualization tools devised to address different research questions about DH techniques deployed for research activities and co-authored papers across universities.

We also recommend you taking a look at the project’s documentation available on the GitHub repository (scripts included).

 

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Digital Humanities 2021 Summer Schools

We forward information on available 2021 summer schools dealing with Digital Humanities in Leipzig, Leiden, Groeningen and Oxford. Happenings will mostly take place on-line and on-line participation will be available for all schools. Continue reading

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Call for applications for Post-doc positions – Turin, Exeter, Amsterdam

We are glad to announce that the University of Exeter and the University of Turin are looking for three post-doc position. Details about the job profiles below: Continue reading

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DS² conference YouTube channel

The YouTube channel of the Center for Philosophy of Science and Societies (CEFISES) has published on-line videos of the talks given at the DS² (Digital Studies of Digital Science) 2021 conference @UCLouvain.

The conference took place on-line between March 15-18th and hosted keynote talks held by Katy Börner, Sabina Leonelli, Susan Hunston and Christophe Malaterre. Our DR2 member Eugenio Petrovich presented his work on acknowledgements, here’s the link to the video.

We expect cannel’s activities to go on reporting relevant events at @UCLouvain related to Distant Reading and computational methods in History of Philosophy and the Social Sciences.

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New Digital Humanities course for PhD students available in Turin

The Digital Humanities course for PhD students has been established at the PhD School for Humanities (Scuola di Dottorato in Scienze Umanistiche), University of Turin.

The course is designed and hosted by the newly born inter-departmental centre of DIgital Scholarship for the Humanities (DISH) directed by prof. Cristina Trinchero and chaired by prof. Ermanno Malaspina. DR2 core members are part of the scientific committee (Enrico Pasini, Paolo Tripodi and Guido Bonino) and of the management committee (Guido Bonino).

The duration of the course is 24 hrs and it will consist of six modules of 2 hours lessons + 2 hours workshops. Two modules will also engage DR2 members in teaching activities, namely:

Enrico Pasini on LaTex, March 11th, 09.00-13.00;

Paolo Tripodi, Guido Bonino and Eugenio Petrovich on Distant Reading and Data Driven Research in the History of Philosophy and the History of Ideas, March 25th, 10.00-12.00.

more information available on course documentation.

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Upcoming talk by Eugenio Petrovic @DS² 2021 conference

We are glad to announce an upcoming talk by Eugenio Petrovich at the DS² 2021 conference (Digital Studies of Digital Science) @UCLouvain. Here more details on the program.

The conference aims to connect two groups of scholars working on separate trends: the digitalizing of science’s products on one side, and the spread of digital methods on the other side (network and citation analysis, textual analysis and other tools of the digital humanities). The conference will take place, virtually, from March 15–18, 2021. Among the speakers, keynote talks will be held by Katy Börner, Sabina Leonelli, and Christophe Malaterre.

Eugenio Petrovich will present his work on Acknowledgments Co-Mention Networks: A new method for mapping the social structure of scholarly fields.

An abstract of his speech is reported below:

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Call for tender: postdoctoral position – Quality open data production. Deadline 25/02/2021

The Institute for Cognition Sciences and Technologies (CNR) opens the selection for one postdoctoral position (informatics/engineering) in graphs design and development for management and representation of heterogeneously sourced data in sanitary and environmental domains, under the “WHOW – Water Health Open knoWledge” research project.

The selection is open to both Italian and foreign candidates.

Call for tender and submission form (ita/eng) are downloadable here.

 

 

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Three postdoctoral positions at UvA- Research Priority Area Humane AI

The University of Amsterdam’s interdisciplinary Research Priority Area Humane AI is looking for 3 postdoctoral researchers in the areas of law, social sciences and humanities. The overarching goal of these positions is to develop insights and principles for responsible and human-centric AI from a Social Science-Humanities (SSH) perspective: How can SSH research contribute to responsible AI, e.g. in sectors like media, culture/language or justice; what are the contextual socio-economic circumstances that need to be fulfilled for really responsible AI?; what is irresponsible AI? What is the role of human behaviour, law and ethics in creating the framework conditions for responsible AI?

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